Il Trovatore (1994)

Opera Company of Philadelphia • October 21, 24, 27, 30, 1994 at the Academy of Music

A co-production with Hawaii Opera Theatre

Scenic and Lighting Design: Boyd OstroffDirector: Robert B. DriverCostume Design: Richard St. Clair • Hair and Makeup Design: Tom Watson • Conductor: Maurizio Barbacini

Ferrando: George Hogan • Inez: Randi Marrazzo • Leonora: Elena Filipova • Count DiLuna: Gregg Baker • Manrico: Gegam Grigorian /Fabio Armiliato • Azucena: Elisabetta Fiorillo


trovatore1994_header“This production of Il Trovatore did justice to a difficult work, and the music-making touched a level not usually attained by the opera company.” – Daniel Webster, “An Uncompromising Version Of ‘Il Trovatore’ From OCP”, The Philadelphia Inquirer, 10/24/1994


“Il Trovatore is one of four new productions by the Opera Company this season, and, Driver pointed out, “for the first time we’re able to bring four new productions into Philadelphia, three of which we’ll create ourselves.” Last season, Mozart’s The Magic Flute, which Driver directed, was the only all-new venture.

Driver spoke in the Center City production center the company moved into a few weeks ago, after it lost donated warehouse space in New Jersey. The center is in the basement of the old Philadelphia Bulletin Building at 30th and Market Streets, where sets for both Il Trovatore and the second production, Mozart’s Don Giovanni, are being created.

“Did you know Trovatore was the first opera ever presented at the Academy of Music? That was in 1857 – and the reviews then raved about the painted backcloths,” said Driver, as he looked at a floor covered with vast black canvases, to which young artists were applying eerie images and shapes. Eight painted drops and several rotating wooden panels make up Il Trovatore’s efficient set. Its light weight is particularly attractive to the company’s co-producer, the Honolulu Opera Theater, given the cost of air freight, Driver said.” -Lesley Valdes, The Philadelphia Inquirer, 9/11/1994


Design Sketches




Backdrop Designs




Production Photos




Shop Photos (taken during refurbishing on 9/20/2001)




Design and Technical Drawings




trovatore1994_programProduction Staff (1994)

Director of Production: Boyd Ostroff • Asst Production Director: Kathryn Havey • Stage Manager: Kent Loika • First Asst Stage Manager: Rachel Tischler • Stage Management Intern: Elizabeth Oberle • Asst Lighting Designer: John S. Hoey • Asst Scenic Designer/Props Coordinator: Anna Cherry • Lighting Intern: Kara O’Grady • Design/Tech Intern: Kristen Maybach • Scenic Artist Intern: Bethany Kelly

Technical Director: John Callahan • Properties Master: Lou Petrucci, Jr • Master Electrician: Michael Hennessy • Asst Electrician: Mark Petrucci • Flyman: Timothy Callahan

Shop Carpenters: John Callahan, Timothy Callahan, Thomas Bowen, Paul Lodes, Matthew McIntyre, Don Ogle

Scenic Artists: Nancy Miller (Charge), Kim McCoy, Linda Mazur, Kristen Maybach, Beth Piatkowski, Jennifer McDonald, Nick Rye, Chris Rooney

Soft Goods Construction: Shima Orans



Scenery Data

  • A co-production of Opera Company of Philadelphia and Hawaii Opera Theater
  • Built Aug-Sep, 1994 at the Opera Company of Philadelphia Production Center / Bulletin Building
  • Scenery construction budget: $86,000 • Actual cost: $81,377 • Total rental income: $45,000 as of 2001
  • Load-in crew: 18 • Run Crew: 18  (carpenters, flymen and props only) • 8 hours required for load-in • 1 truck required for shipping
  • Sold to Opera Carolina in 2001


Production History

Opera Company of Philadelphia • October 21, 24, 27, 30, 1994 (premiere) at the Academy of MusicScenic and Lighting Design: Boyd OstroffDirector: Robert B. DriverCostume Design: Richard St. ClairHair and Makeup Design: Tom WatsonConductor: Steven Mercurio

Hawaii Opera Theatre • January 26, 27, 28, 31, 1995Scenic Design: Boyd OstroffDirector: Robert B. DriverCostume Design: Richard St. ClairConductor: Mario Ramos

Chattanooga Opera • October, 1996Scenic Design: Boyd Ostroff

Baltimore Opera Company • March 15, 19, 21, 22, 23, 1997Scenic Design: Boyd Ostroff

Opera Carolina • October 18,20, 21, 2001Scenic Design: Boyd Ostroff

Manitoba Opera • November 22, 25, 28, 2008Scenic Design: Boyd OstroffDirector: Michael CavanaughLighting Design: Scott HendersonCostume Design: Malabar, LtdConductor: Tyrone Paterson


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